All About Shotgun And What You Need Shotgun For

Shotguns are pretty accurate for home defense and short-range hunting. They look simple and easy to use than most rifles on the market. However, there is a lot more to learn and know about shotguns. What’s more, shotguns are versatile and can be used in a variety of places. You can have a shotgun for home defense or one for hunting.

Unlike most rifles, shotguns are relatively easy to shoot and operate. You don’t need to be a gun expert to use a shotgun. What’s needed is some little practice, and you’re ready to go. The best thing about shotguns is that you can use them for hunting and defending your home.

What Makes A Shotgun A Great Weapon Choice

Even though you might have a big caliber rifle, having a shotgun as a backup makes sense. There are several reasons to consider buying a shotgun. These include

  • Affordable
  • Easy to shoot and operate
  • Easy to maintain
  • Versatile and work for home defense and hunting
  • Ideal for recreational use

These are just a few reasons to consider buying a shotgun. You’re not breaking the bank but getting a decent weapon that serves you in so many ways.

How To Use A Shotgun

Typically, shotguns are fired from the shoulder. They are also used for short-range shooting. How a shotgun works are slightly different from handguns and rifles. While rifles and handguns shoot a single projectile, shotguns fire multiple projectiles. The pellets usually spread out as they leave the shotgun barrel.

You can use shotguns for hunting various small animals like birds. However, be sure to have a shotgun scope to make your hunting a lot easier and precise.

There is a lot of debate on how to aim a shotgun.  You’ll find most shooters saying you don’t aim but point. The point is how you hold and shoot your shotgun. It all comes down to the situation. You don’t want to point and start firing just as you see in movies.

You need to aim your shotgun, in the same manner, you would do with a rifle when hunting. In the end, you want proper target sight before releasing the trigger.

With shotguns, it is how fast you bring them to your shoulder and aim. Bring the side of the stock to your cheek and move the butter stock to the shoulder. Your head should be up as you bring the gun close. Make sure the cheek is firmly pressed to the stock and the stock near the body centerline.

Lastly, make sure you practice on the grip, as different shotguns have different trigger grips.

So, what makes shotguns short-range weapons?

Shotguns are short-range weapons because a single cartridge range serves multiple pieces when one shoots. This greatly reduces the energy of the short once it emerges from the gun barrel leading to the short bullet distance.

Before you know how a shotgun works, it is important to understand the different gun components.

Shotgun Parts

Just like rifles and handguns, shotguns feature basic components.

First, we have the stock, which allows one to steady the shotgun against the shoulder when shooting. While all shotguns have stock, the design might be different depending on the manufacturer and model. For example, some stocks feature a recoil pad at the end to dampen the recoil when shooting.

Secondly, you will find the trigger that connects to the hammer and sear. Different shotguns feature varying triggers. Some might come with pistol grip triggers that extend downwards. There is also the chamber where you can load and unload your shotgun.

The chamber is usually accessible from the top or side and connects to the barrel. The barrel is the same as in the rifles and handguns. It is the long tube through which the bullets travel as they leave the gun. You can find a few shotguns with a magazine that connects to the chamber.

On the top of the shotgun, you will find a bump that can be used to install a red dot sight. Overall, these are the basic components that make most shotguns. Understanding the different parts is important for safe shotgun use.

Types of shotguns

There are different types of shotguns designed to meet the varying user needs. Some of the common types include:

Break-Bolt Action

First, we have the break-bolt action shotguns with a hinge between the stock and the barrel. The hinge allows shooters to open the barrel and expose the breech for easy loading. Since the gun tends to open apart, they are called ‘break’ bolt action shotguns.

These guns usually feature a double-barrel side by side. They are great for sportsmen and hunters. However, these guns are single-shot guns and require reloading once you make a single shot. Basically, you can’t fire again without reloading.

Pump-Action Shotguns

These are the best choice shotgun for home defense across the United States. They are typically single-barrel shotguns with multiple rounds. The shotguns are easy to use and extract spent shells by pulling the pump handle and pushing it to its original position on the barrel.

They are also widely used by law enforcement offices since they can hold multiple rounds. The sound of chambering these shotguns can scare any intruder. What’s more, guns are cheap and easily available.

Semi-automatic shotguns

Lastly, we have semi-automatic shotguns, which fire a single bullet whenever you pull the trigger. They are versatile shotguns that automatically eject spent shells and load new shells from the magazine. These shotguns can be deadly.

They are effective for both home defense and hunting. However, some states have banned the use of semi-automatic shotguns for hunting. You need to check the regulations in the States you’re hunting.

Despite the excellent features, semi-automatic shotguns can jam. This is because rounds are loaded in a complex manner.


Shotguns are simple and effective but can be deadly. There is no shortcut to mastering shotgun usage. You need a lot of practice to master how to effectively shoot a shotgun. Overall, shotguns are ideal for home defense and hunting.

Just make sure you get the right accessories, lots of practice, and you’re ready to go.

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